I cannot sit idly by in Atlanta and not be concerned about what happens in Birmingham. They were too God-intoxicated to be "astronomically intimidated. I have almost reached the regrettable conclusion that the Negro's great stumbling block in his stride toward freedom is not the Letters from birmingham Citizen's Counciler or the Ku Klux Klanner, but the white moderate, who is more devoted to "order" than to justice; who prefers a negative peace which is the absence of tension to a positive peace which is the presence of justice; who constantly says: Perhaps I must turn my faith to the inner spiritual church, the church within the church, as the true ekklesia and the hope of the world.
We readily consented, and when the hour came we lived up to our promise. The first book in the collection, and therefore my first review, is black rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. I cannot join you in your praise of the Birmingham police department. Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.
They have carved a tunnel of hope through the dark mountain of disappointment. One of the basic points in your statement is that the action that I and my associates have taken in Birmingham is untimely. Small in number, they were big in commitment. We should never forget that everything Adolf Hitler did in Germany was "legal" and everything the Hungarian freedom fighters did in Hungary was "illegal.
Will we be extremists for hate or for love? Augustine that "an unjust law is no law at all. Before the pilgrims landed at Plymouth, we were here. Connor and his policemen have been rather nonviolent in public, as was Chief Pritchett in Albany, Georgia, but they have used the moral means of nonviolence to maintain the immoral end of racial injustice.
Segregation, to use the terminology of the Jewish philosopher Martin Buber, substitutes an "I it" relationship for an "I thou" relationship and ends up relegating persons to the status of things.
As a minister, King responded to these criticisms on religious grounds. But for what purpose? But now I must affirm that it is just as wrong, or perhaps even more so, to use moral means to preserve immoral ends.
In our own nation, the Boston Tea Party represented a massive act of civil disobedience. One may well ask: Let me take note of my other major disappointment. And now this approach is being termed extremist.
It is expressed in the various black nationalist groups that are springing up across the nation, the largest and best known being Elijah Muhammad's Muslim movement. But such an ordinance becomes unjust when it is used to maintain segregation and to deny citizens the First-Amendment privilege of peaceful assembly and protest.
I would be the first to advocate obeying just laws. At first I was rather disappointed that fellow clergymen would see my nonviolent efforts as those of an extremist.
He postponed his plans, however, to prevent them from affecting the local mayoral election, in which Bull Conner was a candidate.
And now this approach is being termed extremist. Something within has reminded him of his birthright of freedom, and something without has reminded him that it can be gained. But despite these notable exceptions, I must honestly reiterate that I have been disappointed with the church.
If one recognizes this vital urge that has engulfed the Negro community, one should readily understand why public demonstrations are taking place. King began the letter by responding to the criticism that he and his fellow activists were "outsiders" causing trouble in the streets of Birmingham.
They are still all too few in quantity, but they are big in quality.
Where were their voices when the lips of Governor Barnett dripped with words of interposition and nullification? I commend you, Reverend Stallings, for your Christian stand on this past Sunday, in welcoming Negroes to your worship service on a nonsegregated basis.
Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws. They have left their secure congregations and walked the streets of Albany, Georgia, with us.
An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law.The document available for viewing above is from an early draft of the Letter, while the audio is from King’s reading of the Letter later. 25 quotes from Letter from the Birmingham Jail: ‘Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.
We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuali. The Letter from Birmingham Jail, also known as the Letter from Birmingham City Jail and The Negro Is Your Brother, is an open letter written on April 16,by Martin Luther King Jr.
The letter defends the strategy of nonviolent resistance to racism. Fifty-five years ago, on April 16, the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. began writing his 'Letter From Birmingham Jail.'. As the events of the Birmingham Campaign intensified on the city’s streets, Martin Luther King, Jr., composed a letter from his prison cell in Birmingham in response to local religious leaders’ criticisms of the campaign: “Never before have I written so long a letter.
A summary of Birmingham in 's Martin Luther King, Jr. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Martin Luther King, Jr. and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.Download